October 6, 2002
this photo of the Hemlock Varnish Shelf (Ganoderma tsugae)
on one of my walks in the woods.
There are actually two in this photo. The one on the left is overlapping
a smaller one on the right.
fungus is generally found
on dead hemlock trees and stumps.
October 5, 2002
migration is in full swing. Hawk
Mountain Sanctuary, in Eastern Pennsylvania, is widely known as
a prime hawk-watching site. Mid-October is the best time to see the
greatest variety of raptors at this location.
At their website, you'll
find the 2002 fall hawk count statistics and a list of the free weekend
programs and daily nature talks that are available. You can also watch
tours (videos) of over ten hawk-watching areas at the Sanctuary.
Some nice vistas!
October 4, 2002
a picture of the tiny partridgeberry plant with ripe fruit. I found
it in the woods growing near some hemlock trees - along with four
different species of moss and lichen.
Each plant has two flowers which join to form a single berry in the
October 3, 2002
of the lance-leaved goldenrod has gone
to seed, but the New England
asters and the nodding ladies'
tresses are still blooming. There are also a few red clovers still
Since early morning I've been hearing the honking of the Canada
geese as they migrate south. One flock after the other has been
passing by - sometimes as often as 15 minutes apart.
Went out to a more open area this afternoon and could see two flocks
at the same time. It's early evening and I hear yet another flock
coming now! Wonder why there are so many migrating on this day in
October 2, 2002
been seeing a ruffed grouse quite
regularly on one of my usual walks. (Don't know if it is the same
individual bird each time.) Not realizing it's there, I walk
too close and startle it.
Then the whir of its wings, as it flies off, startles ME. Sometimes
it flies across my path, but too quickly for me to get a good look
see a female grouse with its young during the summer - and do have
a better chance to observe them at that time.
Click to enlarge
The male doesn't participate in the nest-building activities or in
caring for the young. So if you see an adult grouse with young in
the summer, you can be pretty sure it's a female.
October 1, 2002
I came across a small flock of black-capped
chickadees in the woods, along with a couple of
Nuthatches often flock together with chickadees as winter approaches.
Other birds also join chickadee flocks, including tufted
titmice, brown creepers, and
Above the sounds of the chickadees and nuthatches, I could hear the
calls of the Canada geese on their
September 30, 2002
deciduous trees lose their leaves, conifer trees also lose needles
in the fall. They become brown first, as can be seen in this close-up
photo of a white pine.
Of course, conifer trees don't lose all of their needles. Throughout
about a third of their needles fall - and new ones take their place.
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