Brown Creeper

Brown Creeper

Brown Creeper
(Certhia americana)

Order:  Passeriformes
Family:  Certhiidae

Photo © Paul Reeves

Brown Creeper Information

Length:  5 - 5.5"

Habitat:  Mature coniferous and mixed forests. Occasionally, deciduous woodlands. Standing dead trees or snags is a habitat requirement. In winter, also found in open woodlands, parks, orchards, and suburban areas.

Diet:  Mostly insects and their larvae, spiders and their eggs, and pseudoscorpions. Insects include ants, stink bugs, beetles, weevils, leaf hoppers, and many others. In winter, adds small amount of seeds to diet.

  Songs and calls of the Brown Creeper

Additional Information

Brown Creeper
Description, range, habitat, songs and calls, identification tips, and behavior. Includes photos, illustration with field marks, and range map. (From

Brown Creeper

Brown Creeper

© Mary Curtis

Brown Creeper
Identification Tips

  • Small size
  • Thin, decurved bill
  • Bold white supercilium
  • Brown upperparts with white spots
  • Rusty rump
  • White underparts
  • Fairly long tail
  • Sexes similar
  • Feeds by creeping along tree trunks and branches
Similar species

The Brown Creeper is the only small brown bird that forages in such a unique manner - it creeps along trunks and branches like a woodpecker. It blends in quite well and can be difficult to see.

(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)

Breeding Bird Survey Map,

Brown Creeper Breeding Map

(Image credit: USGS)

Range in New England

The Brown Creeper can be found year round throughout New England.

Year-round Map from eBird

Year-round sightings of the Brown Creeper over past 10 years (2009-2019)

Christmas Bird Count Map
Historical CBC Map from USGS