Red-shouldered Hawk
(Buteo lineatus)

Red-shouldered Hawk
Red-shouldered Hawk Information

Length: 16 - 24"

Habitat: In the East, wooded edges of swamps and rivers, moist deciduous or mixed woodlands, bottomlands. Prefers habitat near open areas for hunting. Requires tall trees for nesting.

Small mammals such as voles, moles, mice, and squirrels; also, some rabbits; snakes, toads, frogs, lizards, crayfish, large insects, small birds.
Identification tips for Red-shouldered Hawk
Calls of the Red-shouldered Hawk

Interesting Facts about Red-shouldered Hawk

• The Red-shouldered Hawk usually builds its nest in the fork of the main trunk of a tree or near where a large branch juts out from the trunk. This bird prefers to nest near swampy areas or other sources of water.

• This raptor is active during the day (diurnal) and rests at night. It often shares habitat with the Barred Owl, which is mostly active during the night (nocturnal). Since they both hunt at different times of the day, there is less likelihood for conflict.

• The Red-shouldered Hawk will sometimes work together with crows to chase away Great-horned Owls or Red-tailed Hawks, both of which prey on the eggs and chicks of this hawk

• There are five subspecies of the Red-shouldered Hawk, mostly separated by geographic location: Eastern (lineatus), Southeastern (alleni), Texas (texanus), South Florida (extimus), and California (elegans). Each subspecies has somewhat different coloring, with the California species having the brightest rufous coloring and the Florida subspecies being the palest.

Range Maps:
R-S Hawk Breeding Map R-S Hawk Winter Map      USGS
Breeding Map          Winter Map (CBC)     
Additional Information:

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)
Photos, breeding, behavior, shape, flight pattern, plumage, migration and distribution. Includes range map. (From HawkWatch International)

Red-shouldered Hawk Feather

Red-shouldered Hawk in Flight
Red-shouldered Hawk in Flight
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