Pileated Woodpecker Information
Length: 16 - 19"
Habitat: Mature deciduous, coniferous, or mixed forests; second growth woodlands with some large trees; wooded residential areas. Prefers woodlands near streams and rivers. Presence of large, dead trees is a habitat requirement.
Diet: Ants (especially, carpenter ants) and beetles; other insects; wild fruits and berries; nuts.
Calls and drumming of Pileated Woodpecker
of Pileated Woodpecker at Nest Cavity
Interesting Facts about the Pileated Woodpecker
- The territory of this bird may extend to a mile or more, which is one reason we tend to see fewer pileated woodpeckers in a given area than other types of woodpeckers.
- This bird's nest cavity is usually in a dead tree about 50 feet off the ground. The nest cavity is more roundish than the oblong-shaped cavity excavated by these birds in search of insects.
- A pileated woodpecker pair will share territory throughout the year. However, the male and female birds roost separately at night. On rare occasions, they will roost in the same tree but, even then, each has its own roosting cavity.
Female Pileated Woodpecker
Photo credit: William Morris