Northern Cardinal Information
Length: 7.5 - 9"
Habitat: Forest edges; thickets; shrubby swamps; residential areas with dense shrubbery. Dense underbrush is a habitat requirement.
Diet: Weed seeds; waste grain; insects and spiders; snails and slugs; wild fruits and berries.
Songs and calls of the Northern Cardinal
Photo of Northern Cardinal at Nest
Photos, range, habitat, description, reproduction, lifespan, behavior, communication, food habits, predation, and conservation status. (From Animal Diversity Web)
© R. Hambley
More Winter Feeder Birds
Large, conical bill
Bright red plumage, dullest on back and wings
Black around base of bill
Reddish crest, wings and tail
(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)
Breeding Bird Survey Map,
(Image credit: USGS)
Range Maps from Cornell
Northern Cardinal year-round range
Includes separate map of sightings.
Christmas Bird Count Map
Historical CBC Map from USGS