Grasshopper Sparrow

Grasshopper Sparrow

Grasshopper Sparrow
(Ammodramus savannarum)

Order:  Passeriformes
Family:  Passerellidae

Grasshopper Sparrow Information

Length:  4.5 - 5.75"

Habitat:  In the Northeast, dry grassy fields, hayfields, overgrown pastures, cultivated fields. Prefers habitat that is not extensively brushy.

Diet:  Insects, including grasshoppers (staple), beetles, caterpillars, and crickets; spiders, earthworms, snails, weed seeds, grass seeds, waste grain.

  Songs & calls of Grasshopper Sparrow

Additional Information

Grasshopper Sparrow
Illustration of Grasshopper Sparrow, habitat, weight, length, food, identification, range, reproduction, interesting facts. (From Wildlife in Connecticut)

Grasshopper Sparrow

Grasshopper Sparrow

By Reago & McClarren [CC 2.0]

Grasshopper Sparrow
Identification Tips

  • Large, conical bill
  • Large, flat head
  • Short tail
  • Buffy face and breast
  • White belly and undertail coverts
  • Buffy supercilium
  • Narrow, whitish crown stripe
  • Gray and brown streaks on nape, wing coverts and rump
  • Black and white streaking on back
  • Sexes similar
  • Juvenile plumage (Summer, sometimes Fall) similar to adult but has fine streaks on breast
  • Found in open fields
  • Forages on the ground

(Credit: U. S. Geological Survey)

Breeding Bird Survey Map,

Grasshopper Sparrow Breeding Map

(Image credit: USGS)

Range in New England

In New England, the Grasshopper Sparrow breeds locally in far southern Maine, southern New Hampshire, western Vermont, as well as the states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.

This bird winters in the southern United States, Cuba, Mexico, and Central America. There have been rare winter sightings in the New England area, as can be seen on the eBird map below.

Winter Map from eBird

Sightings of the Grasshopper Sparrow from Dec-Feb over past 10 years (2009-2019)

Christmas Bird Count Map
Historical CBC Map from USGS