Nature Journal
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Least Bittern
(Ixobrychus exilis)

    
        
Least Bittern
Photo © Don DesJardin
 
Least Bittern Information

Length:
 11 - 14"

Habitat:
 Freshwater marshes, swamps, bogs, marshy edges of lakes and rivers. Sometimes found in saltwater marshes. Requires habitat with tall, dense, aquatic vegetation such as cattails, sedges, and reeds.

Diet:
 Mostly small fish; also large insects, frogs, tadpoles, salamanders, crayfish, leeches, snakes; occasionally, small mammals such as shrews and mice.
Least Bittern ID TipsIdentification tips for the Least Bittern
 
Calls of the Least Bittern
 
Range Maps:
(Click map to enlarge.)
 
Least Bittern Breeding Map Least Bittern Winter Map      USGS
     
Breeding Map          Winter Map (CBC)     
 
Note:  This bird is a rare breeder in New England - and even then only breeds in very localized areas.
 
Additional photos and information:

Audubon Field Guide
Habitat, diet, feeding behavior, nesting, migration, and conservation status of this bird. Includes range map, photos, and songs and calls.

Mike Danzenbaker's Bird Photography
Photo of Least Bittern.
 
     
   

 

 


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